Add Placeholder Text to SwiftUI TextEditor


In iOS 14 we got a new SwiftUI view TextEditor that lets us display and edit multiline, scrollable text. As of iOS 14 beta 4 its doesn't have an API to define the placeholder text for it. In this article we will see how we can add one ourselves.


First we will create a TextEditor view and give it a background color of our choice. On IOS 14 beta 4 TextEditor has a default background that can only be unset through UITextView appearance property (FB7958592).


struct ContentView: View {
    
    @State private var text = ""
    
    init() {
        UITextView.appearance().backgroundColor = .clear
    }
    
    var body: some View {
        ZStack(alignment: .topLeading) {
            RoundedRectangle(cornerRadius: 8, style: .continuous)
                .fill(Color(UIColor.secondarySystemBackground))
            
            TextEditor(text: $text)
                .padding(4)
            
        }
        .frame(width: 300, height: 400)
        .font(.body)
    }
}


Now we just need to check if the text in the editor is empty and insert our placeholder text view. We have to make sure that the placeholder view is inserted in the ZStack before TextEditor so that it's underneath TextEditor on screen. This way it won't intercept the taps.


struct ContentView: View {
    
    @State private var text = ""
    
    init() {
        UITextView.appearance().backgroundColor = .clear
    }
    
    var body: some View {
        ZStack(alignment: .topLeading) {
            RoundedRectangle(cornerRadius: 8, style: .continuous)
                .fill(Color(UIColor.secondarySystemBackground))
            
            if text.isEmpty {
                Text("Placeholder Text")
                    .foregroundColor(Color(UIColor.placeholderText))
                    .padding(.horizontal, 8)
                    .padding(.vertical, 12)
            }
            
            TextEditor(text: $text)
                .padding(4)
            
        }
        .frame(width: 300, height: 400)
        .font(.body)
    }
}